The Algonquian is the primary language that the Shawnee individuals use to speak to each other. Before the coming of the colonialists, the Shawnee tribe had inhabited the Ohio Valley, and they spread to other parts as well. Apart from Ohio Valley, there are other places such as South Carolina, Texas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and Kansas that have been confirmed as some of the other tribal territories of the Shawnee tribe. Oklahoma and Missouri were the territories that have a significant number of the Shawnee tribe, and that was so because of the competition of natural resources in the places they were in originally. There are some Shawnee individuals that did not relocate to Oklahoma until after the civil war. The population of the tribe that was later witnessed after the colonization were not the ones that were previously available because they reduced. One of the reasons of the lessening of the population was the civil war. Ailments like flu, smallpox, and fever also greatly led to the reduction in the population of Shawnee tribe.
The Piqua Shawnee tribe is among the five total sub-nations that are available. The Piqua, Mequachake, Hathawekela, Kispoko, and Chillicothe are the sub-nations that are incorporated in the Shawnee tribe. The name Piqua was derived from a man who is believed to have existed and he led a group in agreement with an extreme spirit. The manifestation of the man was through fire. The Shawnee have always maintained a good sense of tribal identity.
Tasks such as fishing, fighting battles and hunting were only for the men. The Shawnee also practiced farming, and that was mainly done by women. Cooking and taking of the kids was also done by the women. A majority of ceremonies that the Shawnee tribe undertook were related to the agricultural cycle. The tribe relocated from one area to another, and in the course of that they intermingled with others. Trade for services and goods used to happen between the Shawnee tribe and other tribes that were around.
The territory that was inhabited after the civil war was Oklahoma. The way of life of the larger Shawnee tribe is manifested through the Piqua Shawnee who does what, the larger entity does. There are different areas where you can get the sub-nations of the Shawnee tribe. The grouping has been formally recognized in some countries like Alabama and Kentucky. The principal chief, clan elders, clan men, and women make up the tribal council that is tasked with the running of the tribal affairs of the Shawnee. The tribe is creative, and they make items like pots, wood carvings, and beads. The other items that were crafted were wampum beads that were as well used in the market.